1 Chronicles 18:4 – How many horsemen did David capture, 1,700 or 7,000?

Problem: How many Horsemen did David Capture, 1,700 or 7,000? This is most probably a copyist error or a copy of a manuscript where the number was altered through decay. 1 Chron. 18:4 is probably the correct number, 7000, since it is a better-preserved manuscript.

Solution: 1,700 Horsemen:  2 Samuel 8:4, “And David captured from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers; and David hamstrung the chariot horses, but reserved enough of them for 100 chariots

7,000 Horsemen: 1 Chronicles 18:4, “And David took from him 1,000 chariots and 7,000 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers, and David hamstrung all the chariot horses but reserved enough of them for 100 chariots.”

“Probably on earlier copyist inadvertently omitted the word “chariot” that we find supplied in some translations. This, in turn, created a problem for a later copyist who would have recognized that it was not proper Hebrew structure to write “one thousand seven thousand” horsemen,” so he would have reduced the second “thousand” to “hundred” resulting in the reading we now have in 2 Samuel 8:4.”[1]

[1]Geisler and Howe, When Critics Ask, p. 171-172.

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